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Causes of all types of Melasma

There are many factors that can cause Melasma, whether it be a mild or severe form it is usually associated with one or a combination of the below:

  • It is often associated with the female hormone oestrogen and progesterone therefore much more common in pregnant women, women taking oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) during the menopause.
  • Sun exposure is also a very strong risk factor
  • Hormonal imbalances in the body can also trigger Melasma on the face
  • Light- all types including UVA, fluorescent and even computer screens can prompt the onset of this type of condition.
  • APoor immune system
  • Genetic factors
  • Medications
  • Nutritional deficiency

All, some or even one of the above are found in nearly all Melasma sufferers. The percentage of women that suffer from this is around 92%, the percentage is further subdided between pregnant women and women with asian skintones. Treatments and cures that exist are many. Careful attention needs to be paid to the prevention, minimisation and treatments instead of a quick fix cure. Advice, persistence and patience usually leads to complete elimination.

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